Circle of Determiners
This is the most elementary discussion activity I use. After I present the grammar for determiners I draw a big circle on the board. Then I write some culturally relevant verbs in and around the circle. Next, as the students individually lack vocabulary, we draw on their collective vocabulary and brainstorm words that are commonly used with these verbs(as above).
Then I choose two of the more able students to be Student B and Student C. I(the teacher) will play Student A. We then perform the following discussion activity while the rest of the class listen. Note that each A,B,C cycle retains the same verb.
A: I think nearly all Thai people eat rice. Do you agree?]
B: Yes, I do. And I think many people eat chicken.
C: That's true. But few people eat Mexican food.
The idea is that Student C uses "few" or "not many" as a contrast.
After a couple of examples with the teacher as Student A we rotate and the two students become A and B while I am C. The discussion might go like this.
A: I think a lot of Thai people study English.
B: Really? I don't think so. I think some Thais study English because most Thais upcountry don't study English.
C: That's right. And not many Thais study German too.
Finally, the students are put in groups to carry out the activity.
This activity can be adapted for more advanced levels simply by changing the verbs and/or using more "difficult" determiners/ quantifiers...."The majority of...", "Quite a few...", "About half...", "Hardly any....", "Almost no one.....etc